Glossary

Here are some terms relating to the human body, how it functions and why it’s important to work on it from the inside out.

Glossary

Here are some terms relating to the human body, how it functions and why it’s important to work on it from the inside out.

Biochemicals - vital chemicals in the human system (for example hormones and  neurotransmitters) – naturally produced or supplemented

 

Biohacks – small changes and improvements delivered through greater understanding of how you move, sleep, eat and what you expose yourself to

 

Cells – the building blocks of every human being (we have trillions of them, all with different functions).

 

Chromosomes – Your DNA is found inside a part of the cell called the nucleus. As the nucleus is very small and it contains many DNA molecules, DNA is packed tightly into more compact shapes called chromosomes.

 

DNA – a chemical substance that contains all the hereditary information for you to grow, repair and reproduce. DNA is your own unique dynamic blueprint.

 

Dopamine – An important brain chemical that helps control our reward, pleasure, and emotional responses. Low dopamine levels can lead to lack of motivation, fatigue, addictive behavior, mood swings and memory loss.

 

Double Helix –how scientists describe DNA’s winding, two-stranded structure. This shape allows DNA to copy itself during cell division.  

 

Epigenetics – science concerned with the interplay between our genes and the environment

 

Genes – A small part of DNA containing genetic codes. The codes are the recipes to produce different proteins that direct our cells. Genes are passed down from your parents to you and represent the personal code or ‘genotype’ that makes you unique.

 

Human potential medicine – Highly individualised approach that aims to unlock a person’s potential for optimal body-mind wellness rather than band-aiding isolated symptoms.

 

Microbiome - Collective name for the trillions of microbes and their genes that live in and on the human body and outnumber the human genes 100 to 1. Distinct microbiomes exist on our skin, gut, mouth and lungs. – They  help us digest food, make vitamins, balance our immune systems, regulate moods, produce energy and regulate our ability to store fat.

 

Neurotransmitters – the main chemical messengers of neurons – nothing much would happen without them!

 

Nutrigenomics – the scientific study of the interaction of nutrition and genes, especially with regard to the prevention or treatment of disease. Informs the best eating and exercise plan for your genetic profile.

 

Physiology – in its simplest terms: how our body works at a chemical level.

 

Polymorphism – a genetic variant – same as SNPs. Genes and / or their polymorphic variants interact with the nutrients from the food we eat. This interaction can either increase or decrease their impact on specific aspects of our health.

 

SNPs - pronounced (snips). A change in a section of DNA that can have powerful effects on how proteins function, affecting different body metabolisms

Biochemicals - vital chemicals in the human system (for example hormones and  neurotransmitters) – naturally produced or supplemented

Biohacks – small changes and improvements delivered through greater understanding of how you move, sleep, eat and what you expose yourself to

Cells – the building blocks of every human being (we have trillions of them, all with different functions).

Chromosomes – Your DNA is found inside a part of the cell called the nucleus. As the nucleus is very small and it contains many DNA molecules, DNA is packed tightly into more compact shapes called chromosomes.

DNA – a chemical substance that contains all the hereditary information for you to grow, repair and reproduce. DNA is your own unique dynamic blueprint.

Dopamine – An important brain chemical that helps control our reward, pleasure, and emotional responses. Low dopamine levels can lead to lack of motivation, fatigue, addictive behavior, mood swings and memory loss.

Double Helix –how scientists describe DNA’s winding, two-stranded structure. This shape allows DNA to copy itself during cell division.  

Epigenetics – science concerned with the interplay between our genes and the environment

Genes – A small part of DNA containing genetic codes. The codes are the recipes to produce different proteins that direct our cells. Genes are passed down from your parents to you and represent the personal code or ‘genotype’ that makes you unique.

Human potential medicine – Highly individualised approach that aims to unlock a person’s potential for optimal body-mind wellness rather than band-aiding isolated symptoms.

Microbiome - Collective name for the trillions of microbes and their genes that live in and on the human body and outnumber the human genes 100 to 1. Distinct microbiomes exist on our skin, gut, mouth and lungs. – They  help us digest food, make vitamins, balance our immune systems, regulate moods, produce energy and regulate our ability to store fat.

Neurotransmitters – the main chemical messengers of neurons – nothing much would happen without them!

Nutrigenomics – the scientific study of the interaction of nutrition and genes, especially with regard to the prevention or treatment of disease. Informs the best eating and exercise plan for your genetic profile.

Physiology – in its simplest terms: how our body works at a chemical level.

Polymorphism – a genetic variant – same as SNPs. Genes and / or their polymorphic variants interact with the nutrients from the food we eat. This interaction can either increase or decrease their impact on specific aspects of our health.

SNPs - pronounced (snips). A change in a section of DNA that can have powerful effects on how proteins function, affecting different body metabolisms